Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing
EMDR – Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing – is a term for a still relatively new therapy which, it’s true, does require some explanation. (Indeed, the American psychologist Francine Shapiro who first conceived this approach in the late 1980s now rather regrets restricting the definition to eye movement.)
Built on a clear and grounded understanding of how the brain and the body experience and process trauma and distress, EMDR is now undoubtedly one of the most successful, effective and intensively-researched ways we know of tackling the aftermath of trauma.
And that is true not just for the “Big T” traumas such as road accidents, bomb attacks or assault, but for the “small t” traumas as well that accumulate in most people’s childhoods and lives and often underlie their seeking of therapy.
At Braynework we have been using this approach with clients for more than a decade now, and are regularly inspired – and often still astonished – by the positive changes our clients can find themselves experiencing.
Mark and Jutta are both Facilitators with Parnell Institute post-basic trainings in EMDR.
So how does EMDR actually work?
In a surprisingly short time, EMDR has chased the ghosts away of nearly fifty years. A half century on from a very difficult divorce, I feel new and different. Strong and happy.
I recommend EMDR for anyone who has pain from past experiences which they cannot seem to get over. It has been wonderfully healing.
Although, of course, nothing can ever be entirely guaranteed to work, our experience of using EMDR is that it can bring about deep, powerful and rapid change, reaching parts which other forms of therapy sometimes just don’t shift (with apologies to Heineken beer for what follows…)
Simply put, EMDR uses bilateral stimulation of the physical senses, replicating the kind of eye movements that pretty much everyone on the planet, from whatever culture, can be observed experiencing when they dream in what’s now known as REM sleep, for Rapid Eye Movements.
Eye movements work well, but we more often use gentle buzzers held in each hand, or headphones, or bilateral taps on the sides of each knee, which have the effect of getting the brain’s thinking left hemisphere to communicate intensely with its feeling right half. (OK, that’s a sweeping generalisation of brain science, but we hope it gives you an idea).
The effect is to create healing connections at the deepest emotional, physical and intellectual levels, kick-starting the dreaming-related brain circuitry that makes sense of, and often quite quickly lays to rest, old distress which has until now continued to impact negatively on the present.
Indeed, just as the physical body heals naturally given a chance, EMDR is built on the knowledge that, given the opportunity, the psyche can do the same.
The pysche is, after all, also a function of our brains and bodies, and whether the healing sought is physical or emotional, wounds first need to be cleaned out and, as it were, bones reset.
With single-event traumas such as a car accident or an assault, much good work can often be done in just three or four meetings.
Sometimes, if the trauma sits deeper – perhaps tangled up with childhood experiences of abuse or neglect – it can take longer, and needs to be embedded within a wider, slower and more exploratory approach.
Some of those Mark has worked with have been kind enough to describe their experiences of EMDR, and you might find their thoughts reassuring.
Standard session length is 55 minutes, although when working through the main phase of EMDR, with your agreement we might agree to work for longer sessions of between 90 minutes and two hours, carefully paced at a depth and speed which is right for you.
Videos demonstrating EMDR in action – with thanks to our US colleague Dr Jamie Marich.